Survey Methodology

The Confidence Index combines responding CEO projections for sales, employee count, fixed investment and business conditions. The Index is centered on 50. An Index reading below 50 indicates a negative outlook – the lower the number, the more negative the outlook. A reading above 50 indicates a positive outlook – the higher the number, the more positive the outlook.

Survey Methodology – fourth quarter 2013
The quarterly electronic survey was conducted during the first two weeks of January 2014 among the active membership of YPO and its graduate group, WPO. Globally, 26% of participants were from large companies (more than 500 employees), 37% from medium-sized companies (100-500 employees), and 37% from small companies (less than 100 employees). By business sector, 25% of participants were from the production sector, 10% from construction and 65% from the services sector. The respondents by area are indicated below.

Total 2,088
Africa 128
Asia 198
Australasia 142
Canada 130
Europe EU 236
Europe Non-EU 53
Latin America 146
MENA 103
U.S. 940
Not specified 12

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